Did You Know?

Zoonotic diseases pose a serious threat to not just health but livelihoods too?

Zoonoses adversely impact human, animal health and livelihoods. This is a lot more devastating in developing countries, where they disproportionately affect poor people. This is mainly due to underreporting of cases, by those who suffer from these diseases and the health system. Further, lack of proper and timely diagnoses of diseases often fails to provide a clear picture that can help establish the relationship between zoonotic diseases and the total human disease burden.
Expanding ecotones lead to emergence and aggravation of disease conditions?

Several serious diseases like yellow fever, rabies, cholera, leptospirosis, malaria, Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Nipah virus encephalitis, influenza, and African trypanosomiasis have emerged from animals. One of the main reasons for this is the close and increased association between humans and animals given the steep growth in population; encroachment by human settlements; and rise in agricultural production on natural environment and habitat.
India is a ‘hot spot for new zoonotic infections?

India has been identified as a global 'hot spot' for emergence, spread and persistence of new zoonotic infections. At least 11 pathogens have emerged or re-emerged during 1992-09, mostly of animal origin.
Many modern diseases originate from zoonotic infections?

Many modern diseases like measles, smallpox, influenza, HIV and diphtheria started out as zoonotic diseases. In fact there is evidence to suggest that even the common cold and tuberculosis came through this route
Half the world’s rabies burden is from India?

Globally, about 60, 000 people die due to rabies every year (much more than pandemic influenza) and nearly 50% in India alone. Almost all cases of human rabies in India are due to dog bites (>95%). Simple measures (dog vaccination, dog population control and timely post-exposure human vaccination) can help reduce and eliminate rabies
Zoonoses and poverty have a deep connect?

Effective control of zoonoses could actually reduce poverty, save lives and secure livelihoods, especially amongst those living  in rural areas and urban slums.




Multiple pathways lead to zoonotic diseases?

Humans can develop zoonotic diseases in different ways, depending upon the microorganism. Entry through cuts in the skin, inhalation of bacteria, viruses and fungi are common modes of transmission. Ingestion of improperly cooked food or contaminated water with fecal material from animals or birds presents another route of disease transmission
Your visit to the park could land you with a zoonotic infection?

Not wearing shoes in a public park could expose you to a zoonotic infection.Wash hands after playing with mud or soil to avoid getting infected
with worms. You could get infested with hookworms by oral ingestion of larvae from soil that is contaminated with fecal material.
Keep away from cats in Pregnancy!

A pregnant woman should avoid contact with cats. Contact with cat feces can expose her to serious zoonoses, leading to congenital defect in newborn
Can your pets upsurge risk of infection?

Animals are fun to have, but safeguards are needed to reduce risk of infection, injury and disease. Washing hands, supervising animal contact, designating areas, ensuring timely vet-care and equipping oneself with information on risk factors are necessary.

Resources

World Health Organization (WHO)
World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)
Centre for Disease Control (CDC)
Wildlife Trust